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TSONGA

Traditional Tsonga fish trap
Traditional Tsonga fish trap built in the Kosi Bay estuary, Tongaland, South Africa

Summary
Vatsonga, can be traced as far back as the 18th century, very little history is known about the Tsonga people prior to that. The name Tsonga was given to them by Zulu invaders who enslaved many clans between 1815 and 1830. The vast majority believe Tsonga people came to existence as a result of a north southerly migration while others believe they originated from Swaziland and what is now KwaZulu Natal north coast of South Africa.

A traditional Tsonga family has its own village composed of mud houses and a cattle kraal surrounded by the grazing fields.

As part of their old tradition, Tsonga men build weirs at the river mouths as traps for fish, and the Tsonga boys will hunt and shoot the fish with bows and arrows.

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